Common Types Of Arthritis

Common Types Of Arthritis

Posted by on May 22, 2016 in Arthritis, Health, Prevention | 0 comments

Can you avoid Arthritis?

Arthritis covers a broad spectrum of disease. To many people, the term arthritis means pain and inflammation of the joints – but, arthritis is a much more complex medical condition. The term arthritis comes from the Latin phrase, “arth” meaning joint and “it is” meaning inflammation.

Range of illnesses associated with the term arthritis
There are over 100 illnesses associated with the term arthritis. Arthritis can range from something as simple as tendonitis to something as chronic as rheumatoid arthritis.

Osteoarthritis – the most common type of arthritis

This degenerative joint disease affects over 16 million Americans. This form of arthritis is caused when the cartilage surrounding the ends of the bones begins to degenerate and the joints are no longer cushioned.

This caused the joints to rub together and in severe cases, you can hear the bones grating against one another. At the onset of osteoarthritis, the symptoms are usually mild and consist of pain and stiffness of the joints. As the disease progresses, inflammation and loss of motion can occur. In some severe cases, deformity can occur if the grinding joints wear one side of the joint more than the other.

Rheumatoid arthritis

This is the second most common type of arthritis and the most severe. Symptoms usually begin appearing between the ages of 25 and 50 – however, children and senior citizens can experience the onset of this disease. Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common type of inflammatory arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is considered an autoimmune disease because factors other than wear and tear of cartilage can cause the disease and the disease can affect other organs, such as the eyes, lungs, and heart.

Rheumatoid arthritis usually affects the joints on both sides of the body – for instance, both hands will be affected, both wrists will be affected, and both legs will be affected. The most common symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis are pain, stiffness, swelling, redness of the skin, fatigue, weight loss, and low-grade fever. Not only affecting the joints, rheumatoid arthritis can give you an overall feeling of sickness. Rheumatoid arthritis can be a debilitating disease, however patients can experience periods of remission in which the symptoms disappear and they can lead a normal life.

Fibromyalgia – muscular pain

This is a type of arthritis that does not directly affect the joints. Rather, the inflammation and pain affect the muscles, ligaments, tendons, and soft tissues under the skin. Many patients have tender spots under the skin that are painful when any type of pressure is applied.

The symptoms for Fibromyalgia include deep muscle pain, fatigue, sleeplessness, and depression. Symptoms may come and go, but the disease is long term and chronic.

Other Types of Arthritis

Anklyosing Spondylitis – a chronic, inflammatory disease that affects the spine. The common symptoms include lower back pain and stiffness that lasts for more than a period of three months,  difficulty sleeping, fatigue, weight loss, and low-grade fever.

Cervical arthritis – this type of arthritis affects the upper back and can cause pain in the neck and arms. Cervical arthritis is caused when the cartilage protecting the discs that support the neck deteriorate. The most common symptom of cervical arthritis is chronic neck pain, but can include loss of balance, headaches, muscle weakness, and stiffness

These are just some of the many types of arthritis. In general terms, arthritis is any disease that involves inflammation – swelling and pain of the joints or muscles. If you suspect that you suffer from arthritis, you should consult your physician to determine the type of arthritis and learn what treatments are available.

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How To Prevent A Second Stroke

How To Prevent A Second Stroke

Posted by on Mar 22, 2016 in Health, Stroke | 0 comments

Illness of modern society

One of the major problem for stroke victims, including those caring for the patients, is the possibility of a second stroke – which is really a risky situation. According to studies, 25% of stroke survivors became victims of second stroke attack. Anyone should be alert for the signs and symptoms which may appear before a second stroke attack. It should be explained why this situation is happening again and the ways to prevent this second stroke must be given to the victim.

How to prevent a stroke

Just remember that there are steps that should be follow and you will be fine.

Stroke Warning Signs

There are sure physical and mental manifestations of an incoming stroke. These warning signs should be medically attended to help us go to the right directions. If we are sure for the signs and these were attended soon, we may then prevent a second stroke attack. If ever this second stroke happened, severe effects are lessened.

Weakness, numbness and paralysis of the face, hands or thighs which comes to one or both sides of the body

 

  • Sudden decrease or loss of vision on either eye or both
  • Difficulty on talking or understanding simple words
  • Difficulty on swallowing foods
  • Sudden and severe headache
  • Sudden memory loss, judgment and orientation
  • Dizziness, loss of balance and unconsciousness

 

What Happens To A person Suffering From Stroke?

Stroke is sudden, often giving severe damage on your body due to disruption of blood flowing to your brain. If the blood does not reach the brain, oxygen supply and nutrients for the cells will be cut off. Affected brain cells will be damaged or die.The disruption of blood flow is a cause of clogging or narrowing of a cerebral or carotid artery, and even bursting a part of the cerebral artery which causes bleeding.

Minimizing Stroke Risk Factors – five important steps

Even looking for stroke warning signals, it is important to minimize the possibility of a second stroke attack if we can help the stroke survivor to reduce the stroke risk factors.

Several of these stroke risk factors cannot be changed. These include age, gender, race, family member who suffered stroke and diabetes. But many risk factors can be changed, and this includes curable medical disorder and lifestyle.

  1. Maintain a right diet and regular exercise to obtain a compatible body weight. Being overweight puts strain on your heart and blood vessels. This is also relative to your high blood pressure.
  2. Have your high blood pressure controlled by following a low-fat, low-sodium diet, reducing liquor intake and taking your prescribed oral medications. These drugs for hypertension are effective only if taken regularly, even the patient feels fine. High blood pressure contributes to over 90% of stroke cases.
  3. Stop smoking. Smoking destroys blood vessel walls, speeds thickening of arteries, and raises blood pressure. Stroke attack is reduced for those who quits smoking, even though they are smoking for many years.
  4. Persons with irregular heartbeat or with this heart condition known as ‘atrial fibrillation’ have a higher chance of suffering from stroke or a second stroke. Medical studies say a drug called ‘warfarin’ reduces stroke rate for these persons. Consult your trusted doctors regarding to this.
  5. Oral contraceptives increases the risks of blood clots and emboli – potential cause of stroke – particularly for women aged past thirty. It’s more risky for smoking women.6. Studies show that stress contributes to high blood pressure.

Just remember that there are steps that should be followed not only by patients but also by family members and persons taking care of the stroke victim. With the help given to the stroke survivor to prevent a second stroke, suffering from stroke is also lessened for the caregivers.

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